Archaeological Methods and Theory: Formalization, quantification, mathematics and computerization

The UISPP commission “Archaeological Methods and Theory” brings together all the disciplines and specialties of Archaeology that contribute to build a general theory (an epistemology) and methods to produce archaeological knowledge and validate it, by field surveys, archaeological excavations and laboratory studies. As such, it is concerned by work of historiography, research and synthesis on the following topics: - Formalization of the archaeological problems, - formalization of the description of objects, sites and territories, - formalization of reasoning, - formalization of scientific publication, - Ontologies, - Archaeological Information System, - Mathematical modeling, - Computational simulations, - Statistical studies applied to quantitative archaeology, - Geographic Information Systems, - Archaeological Data retrieval systems, - 3D Archaeology, - Methods of intrasite prospection and of surveys at a large scale, - Archaeological sampling,
- Excavation methods, - Stratigraphic methods, - Methods of relative and absolute chronology - Taphonomic studies, - Typological methods, - Methods of cultural identification, - Paleoanthropometric and paleogenetic methods, - Methods for specific studies in funerary archaeology, - Methods of intrasite spatial analysis - Methods of intersite spatial analysis, - Methods of identification of raw materials and manufactured goods, - Methods for analysis of the distribution and transport networks, - methods of landscape analysis, - Recording and archiving archaeological data, - Methods of archaeology of architecture, - Demographic methods, - Methods of reconstruction of palaeoenvironment and climate, - Archaeozoological and archaeobotanical methods, - Methods to study of geological and geomorphological archaeological sites, - Methods for the study of the prehistoric and Protohistoric art, - Deciphering of the lost writings and languages, - Critical study of the paradigms of archaeology.

La commission « Méthodes et Théorie de l'Archéologie » regroupe toutes les disciplines et spécialités de l’archéologie qui concourent à édifier une théorie générale (une épistémologie) et des méthodes pour produire des connaissances archéologiques et les valider, par la prospection de terrain, la fouille de sites archéologiques et des études en laboratoire. A ce titre, elle est concernée par des travaux d’historiographie, de recherches et de synthèses sur les thèmes suivants : - Formalisation de la problématique archéologique, - Formalisation de la description des objets, des sites et des territoires, - Formalisation des raisonnements, - Formalisation de la publication scientifique, - Ontologies, - Système d’information archéologique, - Modélisation mathématique, - Simulations informatiques, - Algorithmique, - Etudes statistiques appliquées à l’archéologie quantitative, - Systèmes d’Information Géographiques, - Systèmes documentaires, - Archéologie 3D, - Méthodes de prospection intrasite et de prospection à grande échelle, - Echantillonnage, - Méthodes de fouilles, - Méthodes stratigraphiques, - Méthodes de chronologie relative et absolue, - Etudes taphonomiques, - Méthodes typologiques - Méthodes d’identification culturelle, - Méthodes paléoanthropométriques et paléogénétiques, - Méthodes d’études propres à l’archéologie funéraire - Méthodes d’analyse spatiale de l’habitat - Méthodes d’analyse spatiale du territoire, - Méthodes d’identification des matières premières et des produits manufacturés, - Méthodes d’analyse des réseaux de distribution et de transport, - Méthodes d’études du paysage, - Enregistrement et archivage des données archéologiques, - Méthodes d’archéologie du Bâti, - Méthodes démographiques, - Méthodes de reconstitution du paléoenvironnement et du climat, - Méthodes archéozoologiques et archéobotaniques, - Méthodes d’études géologiques et géomorphologiques des sites archéologiques, - Méthodes d’études de l’art préhistorique et protohistorique, - Déchiffrement des écritures et des langues, - Etude critique des paradigmes de l’archéologie.

PRESIDENT: François Djindjian VICE-PRESIDENT: Hans Kammermans SECRETARY: Paola Moscati


Borillo M. & Bourelly editors L. (1976) : Banque de données et méthodes formelles en Archéologie préhistorique et protohistorique. (Commission IV sessions at the IX° UISPP Conference, Nice, september 1976. Preprints, 181 pages.

Cowgill, G. L., Whallon, R. and Ottaway B.S. (editors) (1981) : Manejo de Datos y Métodos Matemáticos de Arqueología. (Commission IV sessions at the X° UISPP conference, Mexico City, october 1981). Preprints.

Voorrips A. & Loving S. Editors (1985) : To pattern the past. (Commission IV conference in Amsterdam, 1983). Pact 11. Strasbourg : Council of Europe.

Aldenderfer, M. S. Editor (1987) : Quantitative Research in Archaeology: Progress and Prospects. SAGE Publications, Newbury Park, CA. (Commission IV conference preceding the 1985 Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Denver, Colorado.)

Voorrips A. Editor (1990) : Mathematics and Information Science in Archaeology : a flexible framework. (Commission IV sessions at the XI° UISPP Conference in Mainz, Germany, september 1987). Studies in modern Archaeology, vol.3. Bonn : Holos Verlag, 1990.

Laxton R.R. & Voorrips A. Editors (1991) : Commission IV sessions at the XII° UISPP Conference, Bratislava, septembre 1991. vol. 1, p. 263-422. Bratislava : Académie des Sciences, 1991.

Johnson I. Editor (1994) : Methods in the mountains. Proceedings of UISPP Commission IV Meeting, Mount Victoria Australia, August 1993. Sydney : Sydney University Archaeological method series, n°2.

Bietti A., Cazella A., Johnson I., Voorrips A. Editors (1996) : Commission IV sessions at the XIII° UISPP Conference. Theoretical and methodological problems. Vol. 1, 240 pages. Forli : Abaco, 1996.

Johnson J. & MacLaren N. Editors (1997) : Vol 5: Archaeological Applications of GIS: Proceedings of Colloquium II, UISPP XIIIth Congress, Forli, Italy (September 1996). ISBN 1 86451 327.

Stančič Z. & Veljanovski T. Editors (2001) : Computing Archaeology for understanding the past. BAR Intern. Series n° 931, 2001. (meeting held jointly with the Computer Applications in Archaeology Group (CAA) in Ljubljana, April 2000).

Cowgill, G. L. & Kintigh K.W. Editors (forthcoming) : When Archaeological Problems Demand Quantitative Methods. (Commission IV conference in Scottsdale, Arizona, November 1998.)

Djindjian F. & Moscati P. Editors (2002) : Proceedings of the commission IV symposia 1.3, 1.5, 1.8 & 1.10. XIV congress of the International union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Liege, Belgium, September 2001). ARCHEOLOGIA E CALCOLATORI, vol.13, 2002. FIRENZE : ALL’INSEGNA DEL GIGLIO

Anonyme, 2004 Les nouveaux problèmes de l’Archéologie ». 2 volumes, Ukraine Academy of Sciences : Kiev, 2004, (in Russian)

Fischer-Ausserer, K., W. Börner, M. Goriany and L. Karlhuber-Vöckl (eds) 2004. Enter the Past. The E-way into the four Dimensions of Cultural Heritage. CAA 2003. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (BAR International Series 1227). Archaeopress, Oxford

Djindjian F., Noizet H., Costa L., Pouget F. Edts (2008): Webmapping in the Historical and Archaeological Sciences. Archeologia e Calcolatori, n°19, 2008

Djindjian F., Kozlowski J. & Bicho N. Edts. (2009): The concept of territories in European Upper Paleolithic. Le concept de territoires pour les chasseurs cueilleurs du Paléolithique supérieur européen. Proceedings of the XVth Congrès UISPP (Lisbonne, 4-9 septembre 2006), Vol.3, session C16. BAR International Series, n°1938, 262 p.

Djindjian F. & Oosterbeek L. Edts. (2009): Symbolic Space in Prehistoric Art. Espaces symboliques dans l’art préhistorique. Proceedings of the XV Congrès UISPP (Lisbonne, 4-9 septembre 2006), Vol.40, session C28. BAR International Series, n°1999, 120 p.

Archambault de Beaune S., Coolidge F.L., Wynn Th. Edts. (2009): Emergence of cognitive abilities: Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution. Cambridge University Press, 185 p.

Velho A. & Kammermans H. (2009) : Technology and Methodology for Archaeological Practice: Practical applications for the past reconstruction. Technologie et Méthodologie pour la pratique en Archéologie: Applications pratiques pour la reconstruction du passé. Proceedings of the XVth World Congress UISPP (Lisbon, 4-9 September 2006) Volume 37, session C04. BAR International Series n°2029, 135p.

Fontana L., Chauvière F.-X. & Bridault A. eds. (2009) : In Search of Total Animal Exploitation. Case Studies from the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic. Proceedings of the XVth UISPP Congress (Lisbon, 4-9 September 2006), vol. 42, Session C61. BAR International Series n°2040

Biro K. edt (2010): Quantitative Methods for the Challenges in 21st Century Archaeology. Conference of the commission 4 UISPP, Budapest, 5-6 June 2009, Archeologia E Calcolatori, 2010, n°21, 400p.

Giligny F., Costa L., Djindjian F., Ciezar, P., Desachy B. (2012). JIAP 2010. Acts of the second Days “Computer and Archaeology in Paris (11-12 of June 2010). Archeologia E Calcolatori, 2012, supplemento n°3, 450p.

Djindjian, F.; Robert, S. (eds. 2013). Understanding Landscapes, from Land Discovery to their Spatial Organization. Oxford: Archaeopress, BAR- IS 2541, XVI UISPP congress series vol. 4

Figueiredo, A.; Rambelli, G.; Calippo, F. (eds. 2014). Underwater Archaeology, Coastal and Lakeside. Oxford: Archaeopress, BAR- IS, XVI UISPP congress series vol. 5

Kamermans, H.; Gojda, M.; Posluschny, A.G. (eds. 2014). A sense of the past: studies in current archaeological applications of remote sensing and non-invasive prospection methods. Oxford: Archaeopress, BAR- IS 2588, XVI UISPP congress series, vol. 7

Costa L., Djindjian F., Giligny F. (2014). JIAP 2012. Acts of the third Days “Computer and Archaeology in Paris (June 2012). Archeologia E Calcolatori, 2014, supplemento n°4, 450p.

Giligny F., Djindjian F., Costa L., Moscati P., Robert S. (eds 2015) : CAA 2014. 21st century Archaeology, concepts, methods and tools, Proceedings of the 42th CAA conference, Paris, April 2014, Oxford, Archaeopress

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